Which European countries became mostly Protestant and which remained mostly Catholic?


In general, France, Italy, Spain and Southern Germany remained Catholic. Northern Germany, England, Holland, and Scandinavia became Protestant.

Where in Europe are most of the Protestant countries?

Protestantism: European countries or areas with significant Protestant populations are Denmark, Finland, Germany (central, eastern and northern regions), Great Britain, Iceland, Netherlands (central and northern regions), Northern Ireland, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland (except the southern part).

Which European countries are majority Catholic?

2The European countries with the largest shares of Catholics are mostly located in southern and central Europe. For example, at least three-quarters of adults in Poland (87%), Italy (78%) and Portugal (77%) identify as Catholic, as well as majorities in Spain (60%) and Hungary (56%).

Which countries remained predominantly Catholic?

Top 10 Countries with the Greatest Percentage of Catholics:

  • Vatican City – 100%
  • Timor-Leste – 96.9%
  • San Marino – 90.5%
  • Paraguay – 89.0%
  • Malta – 88.7%
  • Andorra – 88.2%
  • Croatia – 86.3%
  • Poland – 85.8%

Was the majority of Europe Catholic or Protestant during the Reformation?

Southern Europe remained predominantly Catholic apart from the much-persecuted Waldensians. Central Europe was the site of much of the Thirty Years’ War and there were continued expulsions of Protestants in Central Europe up to the 19th century.

Which countries converted to Protestantism?

These include the Nordic countries and the United Kingdom. In other historical Protestant strongholds such as Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Latvia, Estonia and Hungary, it remains one of the most popular religions.

Is Germany Protestant or Catholic?

Religious Makeup of Germany

At the end of 2016, out of the total 82.8 million Germans, 23.6 million identified as Roman Catholics (28.5%), 21.9 million as Protestants (26.5%), 4.1 million as Muslims (4.9%), 3.3 million as other religions (3.9%), and 30 million (36.2%) were of no religious belief.

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Is Church of England Protestant or Catholic?

The Church of England is considered the original church of the Anglican Communion, which represents over 85 million people in more than 165 countries. While the Church upholds many of the customs of Roman Catholicism, it also embraces fundamental ideas adopted during the Protestant Reformation.

Is the Netherlands Catholic or Protestant?

In 2019, 20 percent of the Dutch population belonged to the Catholic Church, 15 percent were Protestant, 5 percent Muslim and 6 percent belonged to another religious group. Religious involvement has continued to decline in recent years.

What led to Europe’s division into Catholic and Protestant countries?

The wars were finally settled in 1648 when the Peace of Westphalia — a series of peace treaties — was signed. The Peace of Westphalia recognized three separate Christian traditions — Roman Catholicism, Lutheranism, and Calvinism — and prompted the reorganization of Europe into nation states.

When did England become Protestant?

Protestant reform in England began with Henry VIII in 1534 because the Pope would not grant him a marriage annulment.

When did Catholic and Protestants split?

The 16th century began the Reformation which resulted in the formation of Protestantism as a distinct entity to Catholicism. In response, the Catholic Church began its own reformation process known as the “counter-reformation” which culminated in the Council of Trent.

When did Denmark become Protestant?

King Christian II (reigned 1513–23) attempted to reform the church, but the Reformation was brought to Denmark by King Christian III (reigned 1536–59), who had known Martin Luther and had become a Lutheran. After winning a civil war, Christian III decreed in 1536 that Denmark would be Lutheran.

What countries were all mostly Protestant in 1560?

What countries, or parts of countries, were all mostly Protestant in 1560? Africa, Ottoman Empires. Compare this map with the printing press map in Doc.

What religion is in Russia?

The most widespread religion in Russia is Russian Orthodox Christianity. The Orthodox faith is very strict. Upon entering a church, women must cover their hair, while men have to take off any headwear. There are a number of rules on how to behave in church and the service itself also follows a strict order.

What percentage of England is Catholic?

— Around 5.2 million Catholics live in England and Wales, or around 9.6 percent of the population there, and nearly 700,000 in Scotland, or around 14 percent. Catholics in Northern Ireland come under the Catholic Church in all Ireland.

What is the most Catholic country in the world?

The country where the membership of the church is the largest percentage of the population is Vatican City at 100%, followed by East Timor at 97%.

Was Poland always Catholic?

There are 33 million registered Catholics (the data includes the number of infants baptized) in Poland. The primate of the Church is Wojciech Polak, Archbishop of Gniezno. According to 2015 demographics, 92.9% of Poland’s population is Roman Catholic.

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Catholic Church in Poland
Official website KEP

Is the Church of Scotland Catholic or Protestant?

The Church of Scotland was principally shaped by John Knox, in the Reformation of 1560, when it split from the Catholic Church and established itself as a church in the reformed tradition.

Church of Scotland
Classification Protestant
Orientation Reformed
Theology Calvinism
Polity Presbyterian

Why did Anglican break from Catholic?

The Anglican Church originated when King Henry VIII split from the Roman Catholic Church in 1534, when the pope refused to grant the king an annulment. The Anglican Communion is made up of 46 independent churches, of which the US Episcopal Church is one.

Which countries follow Roman Catholic?

The Catholic churches form a denomination within Christianity and, with around 1.3 billion believers worldwide, are the largest Christian grouping.

History of the spread.

Country Distribution Total
Brazil 64.6 % 138,240,000
Mexico 82.7 % 107,727,000
Philippines 82.9 % 92,058,000
United States 23.9 % 79,323,000

Who wanted to restore Roman Catholicism?

Ferdinand II. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, whose aim, as a zealous Catholic, was to restore Catholicism as the only religion in the empire and suppress Protestantism, and whose actions helped precipitate the Thirty Years’ War.

Is Northern Ireland Protestant or Catholic?

Catholics outnumber Protestants for the first time in Northern Ireland’s history, a newly published census has revealed. The 2021 survey shows that 42.3% now identify as Catholics, compared to 37.3% as Protestants or other Christian religions.

Why Martin Luther left the Catholic Church?

It was the year 1517 when the German monk Martin Luther pinned his 95 Theses to the door of his Catholic church, denouncing the Catholic sale of indulgences — pardons for sins — and questioning papal authority. That led to his excommunication and the start of the Protestant Reformation.

Is Belgium Catholic or Protestant?

Catholicism has traditionally been Belgium’s majority religion, with particular strength in Flanders.

What religion is Sweden?

According to the CIA World Factbook, 60.2% of the population identify as Lutheran (i.e. the Church of Sweden), 8.5% identify with some other religion (including Roman Catholic, Orthodox or Baptist Christianity as well as Islam, Judaism and Buddhism), while a further 31.3% of the population do not identify or did not …

What helped spread Protestantism throughout Europe?

Question: Which of the following helped spread Protestantism throughout Europe? *C. The invention of the printing press Correct! The correct answer is: The invention of the printing press.

Where did more Protestants live in northern or southern Europe?

Where did most Protestants live,in northern or southern Europe? Most Protestants lived in Northern Europe .

Why did England become Protestant quizlet?

How did England become a Protestant country? After the death of Henry VIII. He broke away from the Catholic church when the pope refused to give him a divorce with Catherine of Aragon. Edward succeeded him and was Protestant.

How did the Reformation bring two different religious paths in Europe?

How did the Reformation bring about two different religious paths in Europe? Catholic monarchs and the Catholic church fought against the Protestant challenge, they took steps to reform the Church and to restore its spiritual leadership of the Christian world, Protestant ideas still spread.

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Is Scotland a Catholic country?

In the 2011 census, 16% of the population of Scotland described themselves as being Catholic, compared with 32% affiliated with the Church of Scotland.

Catholic Church in Scotland
Origin c. 200s: Christianity in Roman Britain c. 400s: Medieval Christianity
Separations Church of Scotland
Members 841,053 (2011)

When did Ireland become Catholic?

Catholic Church

Christianity had arrived in Ireland by the early 5th century, and spread through the works of early missionaries such as Palladius, and Saint Patrick.

What religions left the Catholic Church?


  • Calvinism.
  • Lutheranism.
  • Pentecostalism.
  • Seventh-day Adventism.
  • Other Protestant.

Can a Catholic marry a Protestant?

You can also receive permission to marry in a Protestant church before a Protestant minister. You can be married in the Catholic church and have a Protestant minister participate in the ceremony or in a Protestant church with a Catholic priest participating.

Is Norway a Protestant country?

Religion in Norway is dominated by Lutheran Christianity, with 68.7% of the population belonging to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Norway in 2019. The Catholic Church is the next largest Christian church at 3.1%. The unaffiliated make up 18.3% of the population.

When did Norway convert to Christianity?

Catholicism. Christianity made its way to Norway in the early 8th century. Vikings, who had been converted to Catholicism during their travels, brought their new religion home when they returned.

Is the church of Sweden Protestant?

Today, the Church of Sweden is an Evangelical Lutheran church.

Church of Sweden
Classification Protestant
Orientation Lutheran
Scripture Bible
Theology Folk Church High Church Lutheranism Evangelical Catholic

How many Protestants are there in Sweden?

As of 2016, 6,484,203 people, or 64.9% of the total population, were registered members of the various Protestant denominations in Sweden.

Which areas of Europe converted to Protestantism quizlet?

What areas of Europe became protestant? Northern Europe, England, Scandinavia.

Why did England become Protestant?

When Pope Clement VII refused to consent to the annulment, Henry VIII decided to separate the entire country of England from the Roman Catholic Church. The Pope had no more authority over the people of England; this parting of ways allowed for Protestantism to enter the country.

Is Ukraine Catholic or Orthodox?

What is the religious landscape of Ukraine? Surveys estimate a large majority of Ukraine’s population is Orthodox, with a significant minority of Ukrainian Catholics who worship with a Byzantine liturgy similar to that of the Orthodox but are loyal to the pope.

Which religion is majority in Israel?

About eight-in-ten (81%) Israeli adults are Jewish, while the remainder are mostly ethnically Arab and religiously Muslim (14%), Christian (2%) or Druze (2%). Overall, the Arab religious minorities in Israel are more religiously observant than Jews.

What percent of US is Catholic?

Catholics make up the single largest religious group in the United States, with 22 percent of U.S. residents identifying as Catholic and nearly half of Americans saying they have at least some connection to Catholicism, according to new research.

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Catholicism in the modern world